Russia’s new TOS-2 Tosochka thermobaric rocket system has seen its first combat use during the ongoing Russian special military operation in Ukraine, TASS reported on May 28 citing sources in the Russian Ministry of Defense.

According to the Russian news agency, TOS-2 systems were used against positions of Kiev forces near the city of Kharkiv.

“TOS-2 systems were used in the Kharkiv direction,” the agency’s source said, adding that many other new systems are currently being tested in the battlefield in Ukraine.

The TOS-2 is the new generation of the Soviet TOS-1 thermobaric rocket system. While the TOS-1 and TOS-1A were based on the T-72 battle tank chassis, the TOS-2 Is based on a Ural wheeled all-wheel drive chassis to increase mobility.

The new system can be armed with up to 24 220 mm rockets just like the TOS-1 and TOS-1A. The rockets are available with smoke-incendiary or fuel air explosive warheads. They have a maximum range of up to ten kilometers.

Unlike the older TOS-1 and TOS-1A, the TOS-2 is equipped with a digitalized fire-control system, a modern sight, a navigation system and an electronic protection system from precision-guided weapons. The system is also equipped with its own crane, thus it does not near a separate reload vehicle.

The TOS-2 is currently being manufactured by NPO Splav. The system entered service with the Central Military District of Russia just last year.

The TOS system was developed to defeat infantry, armored vehicles and fortified constructions, such as trenches, tunnels and caves. The Russian military have been effectively using the TOS-1A systems against Kiev forces since the start of the operation in Ukraine.