A series of terrorist attacks has hit the region of Transnistria, officially known as the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR), which borders Ukraine. Transnistrian President Vadim Krasnoselsky placed the region on terrorist alert on April 26. President Sandu called an emergency meeting of the Security Council.

Two explosions rocked a broadcasting center in the village of Mayak on April 26, the region’s Interior Ministry claimed. It was reported that no one was hurt, but the two largest antennas, which were transmitting Russian radio stations, were disabled.

On April 25, the building of the State Security Ministry in the region’s capital, Tiraspol, was shelled with rocket-propelled grenades. No casualties were reported.

The third attack hit a military unit near the village of Parkany. No details on the incident were revealed.

The decision has been made to introduce the “red” level of terrorist danger in the country for 15 days, which provides the adoption of additional security measures.

The Transnistrian region has been in a state of frozen conflict for decades. The PMR declared its separation from Moldova in 1990. Until 1992 there were fighting, which ended with the signing of the agreement “On the principles of the settlement of the armed conflict in the Pridnestrovian region of the Republic of Moldova”. Since the end of the active phase of the Transnistrian conflict, which began during the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian peacekeeping forces have been deployed in the republic.

Transnistria Awaiting War

Transnistria borders Ukraine, where the Russian special military operation continues.

On the one hand, the Russian assault operation in Odessa has not begun yet. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are also yet to gain any significant successes of in the Nikolaev region.  On the other hand, the Sandu government in Moldova, with the active influence of Romania and Poland, demonstrates that it is ready to consider a military scenario for resolving the Transnistrian issue.

Last week, there were reports of the redeployment of large units of the Polish army to Romania for subsequent joint activities, such as exercises on the territory of Moldova. Russian sources reported that the Polish Armed Forces started to establish a strike group on the territory of Romania. The list and composition of specific units being moved to Romania is not revealed. The total contingent is estimated at up to 8,000 servicemen. In the near future, a consolidated contingent is planned to enter Moldovan territory under a plausible pretext, such as a humanitarian operation or an official government request.

One of the development options of the Polish leadership’s plan is to create an advanced bridgehead on the territory of Moldova to promptly take control of Transnistria and deploy a “peacekeeping contingent” on the territory of the Odessa region. For its part, the Odessa command of the Ukrainian Armed Forces is ready to support a possible Moldovan-Polish-Romanian invasion of Transnistria under the guise of a humanitarian operation. This will cause huge reputational damage to the Russian Federation and will also divert Russian forces from other front lines, for example, from the Mykolaiv direction. The grouping of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the Nikolaev-Krivoy Rog areas does not exceed 30,000 servicemen.

The number of the Operational Group of Russian troops in Transnistria is up to 1,700 servicemen, now it is more likely about 1,300. The Armed Forces of Transnistria count up to 7,500, while the Armed Forces of Moldova count up to 5,200 servicemen with a reserve of 60,000 people. The number of Romanian Armed Forces is up to 70,000.

A joint group of 22,000 – 25,000 Polish-Romanian-Moldovan soldiers would be enough to carry out such an operation in the region. In the event of a conflict, the main combat work will fall on the Romanian and Polish assault units. It is estimated that 6,000 Romanian and 3,000 Polish troops of the rapid reaction forces would be enough.

Military clashes of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation with the Armed Forces of Poland and Romania on the territory of a non-member state of NATO is the perfect scenario for Kiev and Washington. In case of the opening of another front in the neighboring country, the AFU counter offensive should be expected in the south of Ukraine with active defense in the East.

This is the main scenario in the region which also follows the ongoing international political developments. The preparation and composition of the sixth package of EU sanctions are associated with the upcoming events in Transnistria.

The expected timing of the scenario is from May 12 to May 25, 2022, or from June 15 to June 25, depending on the actions and successes of the Russian Federation in the Donbass region.

Transnistria Awaiting War

Thus, in the Transnistria, the situation is escalating:

  • “the Russian peacekeeping forces are monitoring the situation in the Security Zone”, i.e. demilitarized zone of separation of the armed forces of Moldova and the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, claimed the Co-chairman of the Joint Control Commission.
  • The Victory Day Parade on May 9 in Transnistria has been canceled. Only the flower-laying ceremony will take place.
  • educational institutions in the capital will operate remotely until the end of the academic year.
  • Security measures on the borders have been increased, including the enhanced document verification regime.
  • Roadblocks will be set up at the entrance to the cities of Transnistria. The inspection of vehicles and citizens during the daytime will be selective, at night control measures will affect everyone entering the localities. The law enforcement agencies have been transferred to an enhanced duty regime.

In Moldova, the situation is not calm neither. There are signs of the upcoming military operations.

Sandu called an emergency meeting of the Supreme Security Council. This body does not have real power, but is a cover for the legal formalization of decisions taken by political actors.

The Information and Security Service has called everyone to calm down, what is already a dangerous sign.

Moldova, in fact, is under external control no less than Ukraine. At the same time,the majority of the population of the republic does not support the beginning of hostilities in Transnistria.

Also, the Armed Forces of Moldova do not have necessary power. Therefore, an attack is possible only by the forces of Polish-Romanian units on the one hand and the AFU from Odessa on the other.

A new hotspot of the war can significantly change the nature and scale of the conflict in Eastern Europe. The escalation of the situation in Transnistria corresponds to Washington’s vision and statements that the United States is changing course towards Russia, from the desire to exhaust Moscow economically to a direct and complete military victory over the Russians on the battlefield. This was recently announced by Washington after a meeting with Zelensky in Kiev.