Sites for the construction of new cities in Siberia should be correlated with the resource potential of the region and programs for the development of transport networks, Defense Minister and Head of the Russian Geographical Society (RGO) Sergei Shoigu said.
Earlier, at a meeting with scientists from the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Shoigu announced the need to build in Siberia three to five scientific and industrial centers with a population of 300 thousand to 1 million people.
“This is not just about the construction of new settlements in the taiga, but about the development of Siberian macroregions and the whole country,” he said.
According to Shoigu, scientific, industrial and economic centers will have to become “new poles of attraction both for the population of all of Russia and for our numerous compatriots in the CIS countries and far abroad.”
For eample, between Bratsk and Krasnoyarsk, an industrial center “Copper and Electrical Engineering” can be created.
“There are many opportunities not only for mining, but also for deep processing of copper and various rare earth metals for the subsequent production of domestic products with high added value,” noted Sergei Shoigu.
In the same area, a cluster can be created, fully focused on the production of high value added products for the processing of aluminum – “Aluminum Valley”.
In southern Siberia, there are opportunities to create large-scale and highly profitable production with a higher redistribution of coking coal.
In the Kansk region there is a potential for the creation of a coal chemical production of demanded plastics from illiquid raw materials.
Around Lesosibirsk there is sufficient potential for the creation of a cluster “Timber and Building Materials” with a high share of the production of the upper processing stages and an attractive economy.
“And this is just the“ tip of the iceberg, ”concludes Shoigu, adding that the emergence of new cities in sync with the creation of new scientific and industrial centers in Siberia“ need not be afraid ”. “If this was feared in the past, then there would be neither Naberezhnye Chelny with KamAZ, nor Togliatti with Zhiguli, nor Divnogorsk, Bratsk, Volzhsky, Zelenograd, Magnitogorsk, Angarsk … You can list for a long time. These are the very scientific and industrial centers that we are talking about now,” he stressed.
When determining the amount and sources of funding, it must be borne in mind that we are talking about launching a development and growth program, and not about a one-time waste of funds, Shoigu believes.
He called the tasks of the federal and regional authorities to ensure a stable tax regime and transport accessibility, competent territorial planning and the construction of basic infrastructure. It is also possible to stimulate the transfer and registration of the headquarters of the largest Russian companies operating in Siberia as taxpayers, Shoigu noted.
“The Soviet Union with the State Planning Committee and the State Committee for Construction is long gone. We live in other realities and are well aware of this. Therefore, of course, the main locomotive of capital investments in the implementation of macroeconomic projects in Siberia, along with state funds, should be private capital,” he concluded.
In addition to all of these, these Siberian cities are all closer to the Arctic, which is increasingly becoming a global point of interest, with its incredible resource caches.