On March 15th, the new Libyan interim government was approved by parliament and sworn in.
It is simply to lead the country in a unified manner, until elections later in 2021.
Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, selected at UN-sponsored talks in February 2021 alongside an interim three-member presidency council, was sworn in before the House of Representatives in the eastern city of Tobruk.
The United Nations-supervised process is aimed at uniting the country, building on an October ceasefire between the competing administrations in the country’s east and west.
Dbeibah’s swearing-in comes after Parliament approved his cabinet several days earlier, in a move hailed by key leaders and foreign powers as “historic”.
His government includes two deputy prime ministers, 26 ministers and six ministers of state, with five posts including the key foreign affairs and justice portfolios handed to women, a first in Libya.
“This will be the government of all Libyans,” Dbeibah said after the vote. “Libya is one and united.”
This is a significant breakthrough, since the Government of National Accord (GNA) was supported by the UN and failed to unite the sides, it simply caused more chaos due to lack of authority.
Dbeibah’s administration is expected to replace the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA), based in Tripoli, and a parallel cabinet with its headquarters in the east, under the de facto control of forces loyal to renegade military commander Khalifa Haftar.
Outgoing GNA head Fayez al-Sarraj has said he is “fully ready to hand over” power, while Haftar last month offered “the support of the armed forces for the peace process”.
The UN Security Council on Friday called on all foreign forces to leave “without further delay”.
The chaos is not all gone, and elections need to be held that are fair and safe.
Turkey is sure to be unhappy with this outcome, as it signed a deal with the GNA to establish military bases in the country, as well as exploit its EEZ and extract resources from the Mediterranean, as well as from Libyan soil.
It is questionable if any of this will move forward with the new interim government, or after the elections. It is unlikely that it will.
- On March 14, the LNA aircraft bombed areas in the city of Obari In southern Libya
- Tunisian President Kais Saied will be conducting an official visit to Libya on March 17 in order to further enhance bilateral coordination and cooperation with Libya
- On March 16, the Libyan Prime Minister, Abdul-Hamid Dbeibah and the Head of the Presidential Council, Mohammed Menfi arrived in Sirte from Tobruk to meet with the 5+5 Joint Military Commission after the Government of National Unity was sworn in at the House of Representatives